Myanmar

Country Facts

  • Total population: 54.41 million
  • People in need of humanitarian assistance: 1 million
  • Armed ethnic groups: 24 excluding militias
  • GPI Ranking of Peaceful Countries: #131 out of 163
  • NP Response

  • Started working in Myanmar: 2012
  • Peace observers trained and coached: 800+
  • The need for protection in Myanmar

    In the midst of a global Covid-19 pandemic, Myanmar was plunged into crisis when its military seized power in February 2021.The coup d’état has dramatically reshaped the country’s conflict landscape, abandoning a decade-old peace process and sparking a new wave of violence.The coup prompted mass protests and a civil disobedience movement that continue to this day. Thousands have been arrested in the military’s attempt to crack down on dissent.

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    Almost 1,500 civilians are estimated to have been killed as of January 2022 and more than 284,000 displaced.The opposition National Unity Government declared a national uprising against military rule, while long-established ethnic armed groups have recommitted to insurgency in areas that had not seen significant fighting in decades.Anti-Junta militias have formed throughout the country, targeting security force personnel and perceived civilian supporters of the Junta.As Myanmar appears to be heading for protracted conflict, the need for civilian protection is greater than ever. 

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    NP’s work in Myanmar

    As Myanmar emerged from military rule in 2012 and embarked on a peace process, we extended our support by promoting inclusive ceasefires. Between 2013 to 2018, we trained and coached more than 700 community membersfrom8 different statesinceasefire monitoring and unarmed civilian protection and supported them in establishing their own networks. We also provided training in ceasefire monitoring toethnic armed organisations and facilitated dialogue between ceasefire parties and civil society groups, promoting civilian protection as an integral part of ceasefire processes. As we became more aware of the specific needs of women and youth within ceasefire monitoring networks and the broader peace process, we accelerated our efforts in strengthening their capacities. Since 2018 wehave supportedhundreds of emergingwomen and youth leaders to respond to issues that are important to their communities and connect them with leaders in others areas of the country. In areas where the peace process appeared to be stagnating or absent, we worked with civilian protection networks to strengthen their resilience. Since the military overthrew the government in 2021, we have continued to support local partners and others who reached out to us for help in mitigating security threats and facilitating humanitarian assistance.   

    The future of NP’s work in Myanmar

    As so manycivilians in Myanmar are living in the midst of violence and insecurity, our first priority is to assist our partners and other unarmed civilians who reach out to us in keeping themselves and each other safe. We will work in particular to strengthenthe resilience of women,youthand displaced people in conflict affected areas.Secondly, as Myanmar appears to be heading for economic collapse, we will work to support humanitarian actors in delivering assistance in ways that protect themselves and the people they serve. Thirdly, as Myanmar appears to be heading for protracted conflict, militarisation and proliferation of weapons, we will work to support local initiatives of unarmed civilian protection andnonviolence. 

    “It’s not just society that does not favor women, it is also the women themselves who think they only deserve to be the supporters, but not the main characters… training can make women realize that they are not inferior to men and they are equally capable to be monitors”. Peace observer in Shan State
    Our Impact
    14

    civilian ceasefire monitoring networks were established from 2013 to 2018, including 12+ different ethnic groups.

    ~100

    emerging women leaders were trained in 2020.

    3

    emerging women leaders observed the November 2020 election in their villages.

    Our Team in Myanmar

    Head of Mission: Rosemary Kabaki

    Established
    :  2012


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